Background: Papilledema is clinically defined as optic disc swelling secondary to raised intracranial pressure (ICP). Commonly encountered causes of papilledema include mass lesions, cerebral edema, hydrocephalus, shunt failure, and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Less frequently encountered etiologies of papilledema include systemic disease processes and medications. Hypothyroidism is one of the rare causes of disc edema.
Purpose: To study the association of bilateral disc oedema with hypothyroidism.
Materials and Methods: A total of 8 female patients of age group 22-38 years, presenting with severe headache, on fundus examination diagnosed with bilateral disc oedema, all patients underwent systemic evaluation including BP, blood sugar levels, lipid profile, thyroid profile and MRI and Neurophysician opinion. These patients had varying degrees of hypothyroidism and it was the causative factor for disc oedema.
Conclusion: Hypothyroidism is the causative factor for disc oedema in female patients, which can be diagnosed by serological tests. Treating hypothyroidism is essential, as disc oedema shows complete resolution without residual visual deficit.