International Journal of Medical Ophthalmology

International Journal of Medical Ophthalmology

2020, Vol. 2 Issue 2, Part A
Posterior vitreous detachment-study of prevalence, symptoms and risk factors for retinal tears
Author(s): Dr. Jitender Phogat, Dr. Manisha Nada, Dr. Monika Dahiya, Dr. Manisha Rathi, Dr. Sumit Sachdeva and Dr. Priyamvada Yadav
Abstract:
Purpose: To describe clinical characteristics of patients who presented with acute symptomatic posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) and determine the prevalence and predictors of retinal tears and retinal complications.
Material and methods: 250 patients who presented in RIO, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana with clinical diagnosis of acute symptomatic PVD were examined and followed up over a period of 1 year.
Results: A total of 250 patients who presented with acute PVD-related symptoms like floaters, flashes of light or deterioration in vision were enrolled in our study. Incidence of retinal tear was found to be 8% (n=20) and that of vitreous hemorrhage or retinal hemorrhage was 14% (n=35) in our study group over a period of 1 year. Predictors of retinal tears were visual impairment, vitreous hemorrhage and duration of symptoms <1 week. Perception of flashes of light by patients was not found to be a significant risk factor for retinal tear. Subsequent retinal pathologies including retinal detachment were found to be higher in the affected eye during the follow up period.
Conclusion: In acute PVD, symptoms of visual loss, vitreous and/or retinal hemorrhage and duration of symptoms less than one week have higher risk of associated retinal tear and increased risk of retinal detachment in follow-up period.
Pages: 06-10  |  124 Views  37 Downloads
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Jitender Phogat, Dr. Manisha Nada, Dr. Monika Dahiya, Dr. Manisha Rathi, Dr. Sumit Sachdeva and Dr. Priyamvada Yadav. Posterior vitreous detachment-study of prevalence, symptoms and risk factors for retinal tears. International Journal of Medical Ophthalmology. 2020; 2(2): 06-10. DOI: 10.33545/26638266.2020.v2.i2a.32
International Journal of Medical Ophthalmology