Evaluation and comparison of quality of life in different categories of low vision
Author(s): Dr. Geetanshu, Dr. Manisha Rathi and Dr. Sumit Sachdeva
Abstract: Objectives: To study the quality of life (QoL) in patients with low vision and comparison of QoL in patients with moderate and severe visual impairment.
Material and Methods: Category 1 comprised of a total of 100 cases of low vision who belonged to category of moderate visual impairment and Category 2 comprised of a total of age matched 100 patients with low vision who belonged to the category of severe visual impairment.
Results: Mean age of Category 1 patients was 59.26±12.61 years and 60.49±9.75 years in Category 2 (p> 0.05). Mean comparison of various questions asked related to IOL during the study period was found to be statistically significant, when compared between the two categories. It shows that Category 2 people have more difficulty in reading ordinary print in newspaper, seeing how people react to things, going to street festivals / fairs and accomplish less than they would because of their vision. They relied too much on others because of their eye sight. Based on NEI-VFQ-25, Category 2 people have more difficulty in reading small print in telephone book, on a medicine bottle, or on legal forms, reading and outdoor activities.
Conclusion: Low vision affects quality of life of patients in both categories: Category 2 people have more difficulty in reading and outdoor activities to rely too much on other people because of their eye sight.
Dr. Geetanshu, Dr. Manisha Rathi and Dr. Sumit Sachdeva. Evaluation and comparison of quality of life in different categories of low vision. International Journal of Medical Ophthalmology. 2019; 1(2): 29-33. DOI: 10.33545/26638266.2019.v1.i2a.17